The Promising Advantages of Clean-diesel Cars May Just Have Been Ruined by Volkswagen

The Promising Advantages of Clean-diesel Cars May Just Have Been Ruined by Volkswagen

Since 2009, German manufacturer Volkswagen has been able to sell almost 500,000 of its diesel cars in the United States, one country where more than 90% of all vehicles on roads and highways run on gasoline.

Diesel is more popular in Europe because it provides more power, gives greater mileage than gasoline (30% more efficient than gasoline), and runs through a diesel engine, which offers more torque than a gasoline engine. However, a Volkswagen emissions fraud attorney will have probably learned by now that the main reason why diesel is so much welcome in Europe is because of its lower emission standards.

Despite the number of advantages provided by diesel, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) does not like it because it is dirty; on the part of motorists, besides being dirty, diesel is also noisy and slow. While it is true that gasoline produces carbon dioxide (CO2), a global-warming gas, diesel is said to be dirtier because of what it actually emits: (i) particulate matter, which contains the soot and metal that gives smog its murky color; (ii) nitrogen oxide (NOx), which is a factor in the formation of ground level ozone, the main component of smog.

By equipping its diesel cars with a computer software device which allows its cars to detect signs that it is being tested, this device automatically alters a car’s performance, switching it to safety mode so that the amount of NOx emitted is greatly reduced until tests are over. On the road, everything switches back to normal and cars also go back to emitting pollutants that are 40 times higher than the limit set by the US Clean Air Act.

There is no doubt that Volkswagen intentionally cheated its way into the US market to be able to sell it cars which, it claimed, run on clean diesel. Due to this fraud it now faces fines that can amount to many billions of dollars, besides the recall of close to half a million of its vehicles in the US alone.

People who purchased a Volkswagen diesel car during the recent years may be legally allowed to file a lawsuit and claim compensation from the German manufacturer.

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Lung Perforation caused by the Bard G2 IVC Filter

When an individual’s lung function becomes compromised, the effects can be devastating. One of the most severe lung complications that can arise is a perforated lung, leading to adverse side effects and even death in some individuals. The Bard G2 IVC Filter has been associated with this dangerous effect on the lungs in numerous individuals. The Bard G2 IVC Filter is a temporary device implanted in an individual’s interior vena cava that is used to stop the migration of blood clots into the lungs that can cause pulmonary embolism. Individuals looking to prevent one deadly disease can encounter other fatal injuries as a result of the device migrating to other areas of the body.

Due to the close proximity to the lungs when the device is implanted, it can often migrate to the lungs or become fractured in the lungs. This can cause lung perforation leading to a potential collapse of one or both of the lungs. Individuals who experience certain symptoms after having the device surgically implanted may be in the early stages of this deadly condition. Individuals at risk for lung perforation may experience shortness of breath as air or fluid buildup around the lungs can cause the lungs to not be able to properly expand. Patients may also experience increased heart rate as a result of the injury to their lung, causing oxygen to not properly flow through the body. Other symptoms may include severe pain and headaches, according to the Habush Habush and Rottier S.C. website.

These severe damages to the function of the lungs in individuals who have the Bard G2 IVC Filter implanted can prove deadly for many individuals. Unfortunately, these are just some of the complications that have resulted due to the device. As C.R. Bard has failed to recall the device or provide proper warning labels to individuals, it seems as though the dangerous side effects of the filter may continue to rise and affect countless more individuals.

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Trucks: Indispensable Threats on the Road?

Sharing the road with really huge vehicles, specifically, trucks or 18-wheelers, is one experience that drivers of smaller vehicles will never be able to do away with. For, though, trucks are considered threats on the road due to their size and weight, so that even the least error from their driver can cause major damage to properties and/or severe in jury to other drivers, motorcyclists or pedestrians, their important contribution to the nation’s economy make these vehicles indispensable.

Trucks are usually 70 feet long, weigh about 80,000 lbs. or 40 tons, and have a stance that is designed much higher than cars. These qualities, which make truck drivers safer and more secure (than cars) during accidents, however, are the very same qualities that make these vehicles much more challenging to operate and handle. First, due to their size and weight, maneuvering becomes more difficult, capability to avoid collisions is reduced, and, to come to a full stop, longer stopping distance is required plus tires that will provide great traction and a breaking system that will effectively enable deceleration. Second, though a truck’s higher stance gives drivers a commanding and greater view of the road ahead, it, nevertheless, lessens their view of what’s behind and at the sides, especially the right side, of their vehicle (these areas are known as the “no zone” areas or “truckers’ blind spots” where drivers either have limited or no visibility at all). Worse, this higher design could only mean a higher center of gravity – the major cause of rollover accidents.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) records about 500,000 truck accidents every year; about 4,000 of these are fatal. According to a group of researchers, who studied causes of truck crashes, the most common factors that led to an accident included: poor truck driver performance; driver fatigue; mechanical failure or truck parts that fail to function properly; lack of familiarity with roadway; intoxication due to alcohol, illegal drug, or prescription or over-the-counter drugs; failure of trucking companies to properly screen applicant truck drivers; wrong distribution of cargo weight; and, failure of trucking firms to properly train their drivers.

A person’s failure to perform what is part of his/her duty is considered negligence. Now, while some accidents are results of things or events that man cannot control, many more are due to someone’s failure to act diligently, thus, rendering so many road accidents as should-have-been prevented misfortunes.

A Louisville personal injury attorney could be aware of the possible serious consequences of a truck accident on a victim’s life. While some injuries may cause a victim to be bedridden for a number of days or weeks, other injuries are too severe, resulting to a disability or a condition that will alter his/her (and his/her family’s) way of life for a long, long time.

In any type of accident, even a simple, yet also harmful, slip and fall, it is often necessary to seek legal assistance for the possible legal actions a victim may decide to pursue, as well as for the compensation that he/she may be entitled to receive.

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Common Causes of Aviation Accidents

Commercial aviation is generally considered one of the safest ways to travel. Even when recent events like the disturbing disappearance of the Malaysian Airlines MH370 plane seem to point to the contrary, data compiled by the Aviation Safety Network (ASN) proves that air travel today is the safest it’s ever been. As they point out in their latest industry report, air transportation saw about 2.9 billion passengers in 2012. During that year, the global accident rate declined to 3.2 accidents for every million departures.

It’s obvious that these trends in air travel point to passenger safety and assurance. However, we can’t fully discount the possibility of accidents taking place. While such accidents would be considered as isolated cases, there’s no way to tell if such situations could happen to you. After all, accidents stem from circumstances that are beyond your control.

Majority of aviation accidents are caused by factors that are hard to predict and avoid, like inclement weather. However, there are instances when crashes and accidents happen due to human error and negligence. The following are just some of the common causes of aviation accidents cited:

  • Negligence of airline
  • Mechanical errors from airplane defects and malfunction
  • Pilot error
  • Pilot intoxication
  • Air traffic control error

Current air travel trends and data show that aviation accidents are easy to avoid. This is especially true for accidents caused by error and negligence. As long as airlines and aviation agencies are held accountable for the lives of the billions of passengers crossing the open air every year, it will be easy to learn from fatal mistakes and make significant strides toward the right direction.

The first step is to make sure that victims of tragic aviation accidents receive the justice they deserve. If you or anyone you love were in a similar situation, we encourage you to seek out appropriate legal counsel. Legal options may differ from state to state, so it’s best to contact an experienced attorney in your area. For example, those in Tennessee can seek out the services of a Tennessee personal injury lawyer.

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Arizona Court Confirms Transgender Man’s Right to Divorce

The Arizona appeals court overturned a lower court’s ruling that a transgender individual has a right to petition for divorce in the state if the marriage is considered legal in Arizona.

The appellant is a transgender man who married his wife in Hawaii after he had completed his transformation from a biological female to a legal male. At that time, Hawaii did not recognize same-sex marriages, but the couple was able to get married legally as a heterosexual couple. If they had obtained a same-sex marriage, they would have been barred from obtaining a divorce in Arizona because the state does not recognize the validity of same-sex marriages.

The 40-year-old appellant had been born a woman but lived as a man for 20 years, except for the periods in which he got pregnant and gave birth to their children as his wife was unable to, for which he gained notoriety. When he decided to divorce his wife in order to marry his girlfriend, he encountered a hitch. He was denied divorce because he was not considered legally married to his wife.

The decision of the appeals court to overturn this ruling is a significant development in the ongoing drama of same-sex marriages, transgender rights, and the general LGBT movement in the US. Many states that have banned same-sex marriages have been ordered to lift the bans by the courts because they have been deemed unconstitutional. The ruling in this case affirms, at least in Arizona, that transgender people have the same legal and civil rights as anyone else, including under family law.

The legal profession has its work cut out for it because the courts are creating numerous precedents as never before. Informed lawyers, such as the Marshall and Taylor divorce lawyers, know that when choosing your divorce lawyer, be sure that you are consulting with one who is up-to-date with the most recent cases.

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Adverse Effects Caused by Xarelto

In July 2011 the US Food and Drug Administration approved the use of Xarelto (the generic name of Rivaroxaban), an anticoagulant, or blood-thinning, prescription drug that will help: reduce risks of blood clots and stroke in individuals with non-valvular atrial fibrillation; treat deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism effectively, as well as reduce any possibility of their recurrence; and, minimize the risk of blood clot formation in the lungs or legs of people who have just undergone a knee or a total hip replacement surgery.

Bayer Health Care and Johnson & Johnson’s subsidiary Janssen Pharmaceuticals, the joint manufacturers of Xarelto, also intended the drug as an alternative to Warfarin, which has been the standard anti-coagulant medicine in the US since 1954, and to compete with Pradaxa, which the FDA approved in 2010.

Though both Pradaxa and Xarelto are thrombin inhibitors,(a thrombin is a blood plasma enzyme that causes clotting of the blood), they do not contain any form of reversal agent (like vitamin K, which can counteract Warfarin’s bleeding effect) that will stop severe internal bleeding, which is presently the most dangerous, and often lethal, adverse effect of modern anticoagulants. This uncontrollable bleeding case, though, is found to be worse in Xarelto, making it the most common basis of lawsuits filed by individuals who use the drug.

In 2012 more than two thousand cases of severe bleeding were reported to the FDA, with 151 involving patient deaths. According to one non-profit (consumer watchdog) organization, though, Xarelto is linked not only to uncontrollable bleeding, but to a lot of other serious injuries too, including: epidural or spinal hematomas that can result to permanent paralysis; blood in stools and/or in urine; vomiting and/or coughing up of blood; heart-related problems following discontinued use; and so forth.

All across the US (and in other countries around the globe) lawsuits against Xarelto’s manufacturers have started piling, seeking compensation and punitive damages for severe uncontrolled bleeding, wrongful death, marketing of a dangerous drug, failure to warn of adverse effects, etc.

Being represented by Xarelto lawsuit lawyers at the National Injury Law Center would prove to be very advantageous for victims who need a very strong argument in defense of their right and in fighting for their interests. Though the situation and the harm may already be irreversible, receiving the full amount of compensation the victim is legally allowed to will somehow help ease the burden resulting from additional costly medical expenses and possible disability.

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Roman Thinker Cicero

During its long rule, Rome produced numerous great thinkers. Among them was Cicero, an accomplished lawyer, orator, philosopher, and political theorist. Cicero contributed much to the western rhetoric, and his ideas are still taught in universities across the U.S., over two millennia after his death. Here is an image of Cicero, immortalized in marble.

Here is Cicero, immortalized in marble

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Chapter 7 Bankruptcy: Dischargeable Debts vs. Non-dischargeable Debts

Bankruptcy is useful in relieving overwhelming financial debts. When someone files for bankruptcy, their financial assets (valuable property such as houses, vehicles, personal belongings, jewelry, etc.) can be used to pay off liabilities. Sometimes filing for bankruptcy can exempt people from paying specific debts; these debts (made avoidable by bankruptcy) are referred to as dischargeable debts. In contrast to dischargeable debts, liabilities that must absolutely be paid off by the debtor are called non-dischargeable debts.

Under Chapter 7 bankruptcy, dischargeable debts can include penalties like car accident claims, personal loans, credit card debt, business debt, leases, mortgages, utility bills, automobile loans, and medical bill debt. Dischargeable debts are able to be forgiven by the creditor because of its nature as an unsecured loan. Unsecured loans are not protected by use of collateral; rather they are dependent upon the debtor’s promise of payment. Since unsecured loans are typically higher risk they have higher interest rates. Since people filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy are usually unable to pay debts with assets, their dischargeable debts are forgiven.

Though dischargeable debt can be relieved more easily, debtors must contend more seriously with non-dischargeable debt. Non-dischargeable debts are secured, or priority, loans. When a debtor enters into a secured loan agreement with a creditor, the debtor must pledge to pay the creditor back by way of collateral. Should the debtor be unable to fulfill payments, the creditor will collect the collateral from the debtor in the form of valuable property. Until the debtor can cover the cost of the payment, the creditor will remain in possession of the collateral. Chapter 7 bankruptcies considers tax debts, spousal support, child support, alimony, government fines, student loans, personal injury debt, court penalties as existing under the classification of non-dischargeable debts.

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Hospital Negligence

Hospitals are responsible for their employees’ actions, therefore when one of their employees act in a negligent way that causes harm or injury to a patient in the hospital, the patient has the right to sue. Hospital negligence can have a wide range of consequences to the health and wellbeing of the patient, from detrimental setbacks to catastrophic, lasting effects.

Any type of malpractice that occurs on a hospital setting, such as errors from doctors, nurses, technicians or any other hospital staff can be filed under hospital negligence. Based on a study by the Institute of Medicine, every year about 98, 000 people die because of medical errors in hospitals, errors that can be prevented. Medical malpractice is the sixth (6th) leading cause of death in the United States, killing more people per annum as compared to diabetes, pneumonia, and Alzheimer’ disease.

When filing a lawsuit against a hospital for negligence, there are some important things that need considerations. First, it is vital to prove the unreasonable action of the hospital staff that caused the injury directly. Unsuccessful efforts or failure of the treatment (if the treatment was accepted based on doctor’s information) are not grounds for hospital negligence. Next, some special laws are applicable on doctor medical malpractice: statute of limitations refers to a certain timeframe in which a patient can file a lawsuit against the hospital (lawsuits filed after this time period may be barred despite its merit), and expert affidavit where in some states it is necessary to get a written document signed by a hospital expert to confirm the medical malpractice that occurred has caused the injury, making sure to indicate the format and timing of the document it correct.

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Car Accidents Resulting from Tire Explosions

When travelling at high speeds, a tire explosion can lead to serious injuries or even death. The integrity of a vehicle’s tires can spell the difference between a minor mishap to total wreckage of one or more vehicles, especially in a densely travelled area.

Losing tire tread means loss of control, which can easily lead to a roll over no matter what type of vehicle one is driving when travelling at high speeds. This is because it can result in yawing, which is when the vehicle swings to the side. Loss of control of the vehicle would make it difficult to reverse this sideways motion, causing the vehicle to tip over, possibly involving other vehicles in the immediate vicinity. While the accident may be said to be no one’s fault, liability may accrue to the tire manufacturer, depending on why the blowout occurred. There are several types of tire blowouts resulting from a defect in the manufacturing or design of the tire itself.

Bead failure explosions occur when a design defect affects the tire mounting process. This usually occurs in light truck and passenger tires with a .037 inch weftless configuration. When the bear wire is impeded during inflation, it can exert low pressures that will nevertheless cause the tire to explode at pressures as low as 38 pounds per inch.  Such an explosion may result in severe injuries if it occurs close to a flat surface.

Another cause for tire explosions is when there the sidewall of the tire has a defect that will result in a zipper failure. Such incidents often occur when the tire is being inflated, and there is no way to determine if a particular tire has this inherent weakness.

In either case, serious injuries or death can result, and the liability lies with the manufacturer. If such an incident occurs, a report which specifies a defect in the design or manufacture of the tire may be the basis for a product liability lawsuit.

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